Guidance
指路人
g.yi.org
software / rapidq / Examples / Algorithm & Maths / Probability Distributions / ProbDists.rqb

Register 
新用户注册
Search 搜索
首页 
Home Home
Software
Upload

  
'****************************************************************************************
'ProbDists.rqb is a collection of functions that calculate the integrals and inverses for
'the commonly used Normal, t, F and Chi-Square probability distributions.
'The algorithms used are from the CACM and are accurate to 6 decimals.
'All algorithms except the t distribution and it's inverse were translated into
'C by Gary Perlman and translated from that C code to BASIC by Michael J. Zito, 2003
'The t Distribution functions were coded by Michael J. Zito, 2003
'
'IMPORTANT: The algorithms in this module are interdependent on each other therefore
'           the ENTIRE FILE MUST BE INCLUDED AS A UNIT
'
'****************************************************************************************


'----- Compiler Directives
     $TYPECHECK ON
     $IFNDEF True
      $DEFINE True 1
     $ENDIF
     $IFNDEF False
      $DEFINE False 0
     $ENDIF

'----- Stat Distribution Functions
     DECLARE FUNCTION zDist (z AS DOUBLE) AS DOUBLE
     DECLARE FUNCTION zDistInv (p AS DOUBLE) AS DOUBLE
     DECLARE FUNCTION Chi (x2 AS DOUBLE, df AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
     DECLARE FUNCTION ChiInv (p AS DOUBLE, df AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
     DECLARE FUNCTION fDist (f AS DOUBLE, df1 AS INTEGER, df2 AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
     DECLARE FUNCTION fDistInv (p AS DOUBLE, df1 AS INTEGER, df2 AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
     DECLARE FUNCTION tDist (t AS DOUBLE, df AS DOUBLE, tail AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
     DECLARE FUNCTION tDistInv (p AS DOUBLE, df AS DOUBLE, tail AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE

     CONST prec = .000001 'algorithms only accurate to 6 decimals

'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     FUNCTION zDist (z AS DOUBLE) AS DOUBLE
  'Computes approximations to Normal z distribution probabilities
  'Returns the integral from -oo to z
  'Adapted from a polynomial approximation in:
  '       Ibetson, D Algorithm 209
  '       Collected algorithms of the CACM 1963 p 616
  '       Translated to C by Gary Perlman
  '       Translated C to BASIC by Michael Zito 2003
  'NOTE: Accurate to 6 digits.  For z values > 6 returns 0.0

      DIM w AS DOUBLE
      DIM x AS DOUBLE
      DIM y AS DOUBLE

      IF z = 0 THEN
       x = 0
      ELSE
       y = 0.5 * ABS(z)
       IF y >= 3 THEN
        x = 1.0
       ELSEIF y < 1.0 THEN
        w = y * y
        x = ((((((((0.000124818987 * w - 0.001075204047) * w_
         + 0.005198775019) * w - 0.019198292004) * w_
         + 0.059054035642) * w - 0.151968751364) * w_
         + 0.319152932694) * w - 0.531923007300) * w_
         + 0.797884560593) * y * 2
       ELSE
        y = y - 2
        x = (((((((((((((-0.000045255659 * y_
         + 0.000152529290) * y - 0.000019538132) * y_
         - 0.000676904986) * y + 0.001390604284) * y_
         - 0.000794620820) * y - 0.002034254874) * y_
         + 0.006549791214) * y - 0.010557625006) * y_
         + 0.011630447319) * y - 0.009279453341) * y_
         + 0.005353579108) * y - 0.002141268741) * y_
         + 0.000535310849) * y + 0.999936657524
       END IF
      END IF

      IF z > 0 THEN
       y = (x + 1) * 0.5
      ELSE
       y = (1 - x) * 0.5
      END IF

      zDist = y

     END FUNCTION
'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     FUNCTION zDistInv (p AS DOUBLE) AS DOUBLE
  'Computes approximations to Normal z distribution probabilities
  'Returns the z value for a given probability
  'Adapted from a polynomial approximation in:
  '       Ibetson, D Algorithm 209
  '       Collected algorithms of the CACM 1963 p 616
  '       Translated to C by Gary Perlman
  '       Translated C to BASIC by Michael Zito 2003
  'NOTE: Accurate to 6 digits.  For z values > 6 returns 0.0

      DIM Minz AS DOUBLE
      DIM Maxz AS DOUBLE
      DIM zVal AS DOUBLE
      DIM pVal AS DOUBLE

      Minz = -6.0
      Maxz = 6.0
      zVal = 0.0

      IF p <= 0 OR p >= 1.0 THEN zVal = 0 : EXIT FUNCTION

      WHILE Maxz - Minz > Prec
       pVal = zDist(zVal)
       IF pVal > p THEN
        Maxz = zVal
       ELSE
        Minz = zVal
       END IF
       zVal = (Maxz + Minz) * 0.5
      WEND

      zDistInv = zVal

     END FUNCTION
'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     FUNCTION Chi (x2 AS DOUBLE, df AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
  'Computes approximations to Chi Square distribution probabilities
  'Returns the tail probability for a given Chi Square Value
  'Adapted from:
  '       Hill, I.D. and Pike, M.C. Algorithm 299
  '       Collected algorithms of the CACM
  '       Translated to C by Gary Perlman
  '       Translated C to BASIC by Michael Zito 2003

      DIM a AS DOUBLE
      DIM y AS DOUBLE
      DIM s AS DOUBLE
      DIM e AS DOUBLE
      DIM c AS DOUBLE
      DIM z AS DOUBLE
      DIM r AS DOUBLE
      DIM even AS INTEGER
      DIM BigX AS DOUBLE
      DIM LogSqrtPi AS DOUBLE
      DIM ISqrtPi AS DOUBLE

      BigX = 20.0
      LogSqrtPi = 0.5723649429247000870717135
      ISqrtPi = 0.5641895835477562869480795

      IF x2 <= 0 OR df < 1 THEN Chi = 1.0 : EXIT FUNCTION

      a = 0.5 * x2
      IF (2 * (df\2)) = df THEN even = True ELSE even = False
      IF df > 1 THEN
       IF -a < -BigX THEN y = 0 ELSE y = EXP(-a)
      END IF
      IF even = True THEN
       s = y
      ELSE
       s = 2.0 * zDist(-SQR(x2))
      END IF
      IF df > 2 THEN
       x2 = 0.5 * (df - 1.0)
       IF even = True THEN z = 1.0 ELSE z = 0.5
       IF a > BigX THEN
        IF even = True THEN e = 0 ELSE e = LogSqrtPi
        c = LOG(a)
        WHILE z <= x2
         e = LOG(z) + e
         r = c*z-a-e
         IF r < -BigX THEN r = 0 ELSE r = EXP(r)
         s = s + r
         z = z + 1.0
        WEND
        Chi = s
       ELSE
        IF even = True THEN e = 1.0 ELSE e = ISqrtPi/SQR(a)
        c = 0.0
        WHILE z <= x2
         e = e * (a / z)
         c = c + e
         z = z + 1.0
        WEND
        Chi = (c * y + s)
       END IF
      ELSE
       Chi = s
      END IF
     END FUNCTION
'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     FUNCTION ChiInv (p AS DOUBLE, df AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
  'Computes approximations to Chi Square distribution probabilities
  'Returns the Critical Chi Square value for a given tail probability
  'Adapted from:
  '       Hill, I.D. and Pike, M.C. Algorithm 299
  '       Collected algorithms of the CACM
  '       Translated to C by Gary Perlman
  '       Translated C to BASIC by Michael Zito 2003

      DIM MinChi AS DOUBLE
      DIM MaxChi AS DOUBLE
      DIM ChiVal AS DOUBLE

      MinChi = 0.0
      MaxChi = 99999.0

      IF p <= 0.0 THEN ChiInv = MaxChi : EXIT FUNCTION
      IF p >= 1.0 THEN ChiInv = 0.0 : EXIT FUNCTION

      ChiVal = df / SQR(p)
      WHILE MaxChi - MinChi > Prec
       IF Chi(ChiVal, df) < p THEN
        MaxChi = ChiVal
       ELSE
        MinChi = ChiVal
       END IF
       ChiVal = (MaxChi + MinChi) * 0.5
      WEND
      ChiInv = ChiVal

     END FUNCTION

'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     FUNCTION fDist (f AS DOUBLE, df1 AS INTEGER, df2 AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
  'Computes approximations to F distribution probabilities
  'Returns the tail probability for a given F Value
  'df1 = numerator df, df2 = denominator df
  'Adapted from:
  '       Dorrer, Egon Algorithm 322
  '       Collected algorithms of the CACM
  '       Translated to C by Gary Perlman
  '       Translated C to BASIC by Michael Zito 2003

      DIM i AS INTEGER
      DIM j AS INTEGER
      DIM a AS INTEGER
      DIM b AS INTEGER
      DIM w AS DOUBLE
      DIM y AS DOUBLE
      DIM z AS DOUBLE
      DIM d AS DOUBLE
      DIM p AS DOUBLE
      DIM IPi AS DOUBLE

      IPi = 0.3183098861837906715377675

      IF F < prec OR df1 < 1 OR df2 < 1 THEN fDist = 1.0 : EXIT FUNCTION
      IF df1 MOD 2 <> 0 THEN a = 1 ELSE a = 2
      IF df2 MOD 2 <> 0 THEN b = 1 ELSE b = 2

      w = (f * df1) / df2
      z = 1.0 / (1.0 + w)
      IF a = 1 THEN
       IF b = 1 THEN
        p = SQR(w)
        y = IPi
        d = y * z / p
        p = 2.0 * y * ATAN(p)
       ELSE
        p = SQR(w * z)
        d = 0.5 * p * z / w
       END IF
      ELSEIF b = 1 THEN
       p = SQR(z)
       d = 0.5 * z * p
       p = 1.0 - p
      ELSE
       d = z * z
       p = w * z
      END IF
      y = 2.0 * w / z
      FOR j = (b + 2) TO df2 STEP 2
       d = d * (1.0 + a / (j - 2.0)) * z
       IF a = 1 THEN
        p = p + d * y / (j - 1.0)
       ELSE
        p = (p + w) * z
       END IF
      NEXT
      y = w * z
      z = 2.0 / z
      b = df2 - 2
      FOR i = (a + 2) TO df1 STEP 2
       j = i + b
       d = d * y * j / (i - 2)
       p = p - z * d / j
      NEXT
      IF p < 0 THEN p = 0
      IF p > 1.0 THEN p = 1.0

      fDist = (1.0 - p)

     END FUNCTION
'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     FUNCTION fDistInv (p AS DOUBLE, df1 AS INTEGER, df2 AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
  'Computes approximations to F distribution probabilities
  'Returns the critical F value for a given probability
  'df1 = numerator df, df2 = denominator df
  'Adapted from:
  '       Dorrer, Egon Algorithm 322
  '       Collected algorithms of the CACM
  '       Translated to C by Gary Perlman
  '       Translated C to BASIC by Michael Zito 2003

      DIM fVal AS DOUBLE
      DIM MaxF AS DOUBLE
      DIM MinF AS DOUBLE

      MaxF = 9999.0
      MinF = 0.0

      IF p <= 0 OR p >= 1.0 THEN fDistInv = 0.0 : EXIT FUNCTION

      fVal = 1.0 / p

      WHILE ABS(MaxF - MinF) > prec
       IF fDist(fVal, df1, df2) < p THEN
        MaxF = fVal
       ELSE
        MinF = fVal
       END IF
       fVal = (MaxF + MinF) * 0.5
      WEND

      fDistInv = fVal

     END FUNCTION
'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     FUNCTION tDist (t AS DOUBLE, df AS DOUBLE, tail AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
  'Uses the fDist functions and the relationship t(n)^2 = F(1,n) to
  'compute approximations of tail probabilities for the Student's t Distribution
  'Tail is a flag:
  '     Tail = 1 computes one tail probabilities
  '     Tail = 2 computes two tail probabilities
  '     Coded by Michael Zito 2003

      DIM p AS DOUBLE

      p = fDist(t * t, 1, df)

      IF tail = 1 THEN tDist = p / 2 ELSE tDist = p

     END FUNCTION
'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     FUNCTION tDistInv (p AS DOUBLE, df AS DOUBLE, tail AS INTEGER) AS DOUBLE
  'Uses the fDist functions and the relationship t(n)^2 = F(1,n) to
  'compute critical  t values for a given probability
  'Tail is a flag:
  '     Tail = 1 computes one tail probabilities
  '     Tail = 2 computes two tail probabilities
  '     Coded by Michael Zito 2003

      DIM t AS DOUBLE

      IF tail = 1 THEN p = p * 2

      t = fDistInv(p, 1, df)

      IF t = 0 THEN tDistInv = 0 ELSE tDistInv = SQR(t)


     END FUNCTION
'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
掌柜推荐
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
© Tue 2019-4-23  Guidance Laboratory Inc.
Email:webmaster1g.yi.org Hits:0 Last modified:2004-01-12 02:11:31